Growth hormone (GH) treatment has been a prevalent treatment for children with severe growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Nevertheless, today, with an excess of recombinant human growth hormon(rhGH), it is also used to treat a wide range of other conditions. RhGH may be used to treat short-term GH deficiency (GHD), insufficiency, and other disorders leading to poor growth.
At present, it is also used in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), Prader Willi syndrome (PWS), Turner syndrome (TS), small gestational age (SGA) with no upward development of 2 years, idiopathic short stature (ISS) and some short-term dysmorphic syndromes. Through the growth hormone therapy, many children can attain adult heights better than expected- on the basis of their growth pattern of pretreatment.
All about human growth hormone
Growth hormone (GH) is an ancestral hormone in the anterior pituitary and is episodically secreted from somatotroph cells. The physiology and control of GH have been a significant area of research interest in the field of endocrinology since the discovery of its numerous and complex effects.
The human growth hormone has a broad variety of roles in physiological functions. HGH primarily affects cell development, metabolism, and differentiation by influencing the GH-IGF1 development axis promotes protein synthesis, and accelerates fat and mineral metabolism to develop bones, viscera, and muscles. This may also influence the role of the immune tissue, brain tissue, and the hematopoietic system.
Human growth hormone applications
Prader-Willi syndrome is a complex genetic disorder involving multiple body parts. In infancy, this syndrome is characterized by low muscle tone (hypotonia), difficulties in eating, slow development, and delayed development. Beginning in puberty, the individuals affected grow an insatiable appetite that contributes to chronic overeating (hyperphagia) and obesity. Some people with Prader-Willi syndrome often develop type 2 diabetes (the most common form of diabetes), especially those with obesity. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) therapy in children with PWS improves symptoms, and early diagnosis results in more favorable outcomes.
Idiopathic Short Stature
Short stature may either be a natural growth type or can be caused by a disease. Beyond the first year or two of life, the most common causes of short stature are family (genetic) short stature and delayed (constitutional) growth, which is natural, non-pathological variants of development. A common reason for referral to a pediatrician is shorter stature or poor growth. In children with causes such as dietary deficit, short family size, constitutional development and puberty delay, chronic systemic disease or malabsorption (including celiac disease), hypothyroidism, growth hormone deficiency needs to be addressed.
Turner's syndrome is a chromosomal condition that affects female growth. Turner syndrome's most prominent characteristic is short stature, which becomes evident at about age 5. It is also very normal to have an early loss of ovarian function (ovarian hypofunction or premature ovarian failure). The ovaries typically develop at first, but generally egg cells (oocytes) die prematurely and most ovarian tissue degenerates before birth. Many affected girls do not undergo puberty unless they are treated with hormone therapy, and others are unable to conceive (infertile). By young adulthood, a small number of females with Turner syndrome maintain normal ovarian function.
Human growth hormone trends that shape the industry growth
Human growth hormone for Mucopolysaccharidoses and growth hormone deficiency
Treatment with recombinant human growth hormone in Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) affected patients is considered if a concomitant diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency is demonstrated. Due to the normal development of disease-related skeletal malformations and the lack of patients treated, the short- and long-term effects of recombinant human growth hormone in this selected population are still debated. Recombinant human growth hormone appears to have effectively reversed the deceleration of growth experienced by patients with growth hormone deficiency diagnosed with MPS, at least within the first 12–24 months of treatment.
Human growth hormone for weight training and bodybuilding
The human growth hormone is very common among bodybuilders and athletes due to the many benefits it offers. Besides burning fat, it is also very effective for muscle building. Because of a possible muscle growth and strength benefit, bodybuilders and athletes who have been tempted to take performance-enhancing drugs and supplements such as steroids have taken HGH to achieve an athletic advantage, or for rapid, aesthetic muscle growth. Because digestion can break down HGH taken orally, it is injected when it is used as a supplementary drug. The bodybuilding industry was the first to find that HGH wasn’t just some drug to help growing children. This industry was also the first to quickly understand HGH’s anabolic properties and it could help them in achieving their only goal of a huge, youthful, well-ripped body.
Human growth hormone to slow down the aging
Some define the human growth hormone as the secret to stopping the aging process. Growth hormones drive childhood development and help keep tissues and organs healthy. It is formed by the pituitary pea-sized gland — located at the base of the brain. However, beginning in the middle ages, the pituitary gland gradually decreases the amount of growth hormone that it releases.
This natural slowing has sparked an interest in using synthetic human growth hormone (HGH) as a way to stave off some of the changes associated with aging, such as diminished muscle and bone mass. Limited and inconsistent reports of healthy adults taking human growth hormone are. While human growth hormone appears to be able to increase muscle mass and reduce the amount of body fat in healthy older adults, the increase in muscle does not translate into increased power.
Free Valuable Insights: Global Human Growth Hormone Market to reach a market size of USD 7.1 billion by 2025
The Human Growth Hormone Market is witnessing a surge in its adoption majorly due to the growing rate of the geriatric population. Among others, the aging population is more vulnerable to health problems like cataracts, arthritis, dementia, cancer, and CVDs, which require ongoing medical care, driving vast demand for elderly health facilities. According to W.H.O., from 900 million in 2015 the world’s geriatric population, 60 years of age and older, is expected to exceed 2 billion by 2050.